The hollow foot (Pes cavus) is another congenital or acquired deformity of the foot. The patients have an above-average foot length, because the arch of the foot is particularly pronounced and the small foot muscles are shortened. The affected foot is usually shorter and stockier than a healthy foot. There are several conservative and surgical methods to treat the malposition. Read more about the hollow foot here.
Hollow foot – too high arch
A hollow foot is a congenital or acquired deformity of the foot and represents the opposite of flat foot: The arch of the foot is very pronounced, for example, by an innate weakness of the small foot muscles. Too high a foot cock causes the affected person often pain and causes pressure points on the instep. The toes are often clawed and may cause corns. Those affected more often suffer from sprains or bone fractures (fractures), as the stability of the foot is significantly affected by the malposition.
Depending on where the main burden lies with the deformed foot, a distinction is made between the frequently occurring bale hollow foot and the less common hoof hollow foot.
Hohlfuß – innate or acquired?
A hollow foot can be innate or acquired. This can be a slight Weakness of the little foot muscles in the further course intensify and lead to the misalignment. In women, regularly shoes with high heels Wear, shorten the ligaments and tendons over time, which ultimately can cause a hollow foot. A neurological disease, which causes a muscle atrophy of the small foot muscles, can also be a trigger for foot deformity. Hollow feet kick as well heaped family on. Often, they emerge in the growing age and then solidify by the wrong footwear.
Hollow foot – that’s how you recognize it
The foot deformity is easy to recognize. The longitudinal arch of the foot is very high and pronounced. The toes often take a claw or gripping position. The heel and forefoot carry the whole body weight, while the metatarsus has almost no contact with the ground. As a result of this uneven load, the foot becomes more unstable and sprains can occur more frequently. Depending on the cause of the hollow foot increases over time more and more. It comes to bruises and pain on the back of the feet and corns.
Hollow foot – that is how it is treated
To properly treat the hollow foot, the cause must be known. The doctor then selects the most appropriate treatment methods.
In a only slightly pronounced hollow foot of the foot is usually still flexible. Here a non-invasive therapy is often enough: Orthopedic step insoles for the shoes or night rails are used here. Physiotherapy also shows good results in patients with hollow feet and is highly recommended. The exercises can be easily integrated into everyday life and should be continued continuously.
For a very pronounced hollow foot, surgery may help.
Hollow foot – prevention
One can not prevent a congenital hollow foot, on the other hand one already acquired. Especially women should do without too small shoes and high heels. Meanwhile, there are more and more shoe brands that pay attention to a healthy fit of their shoes. The barefoot running on soft, natural ground also promotes a healthy foot structure and can help, one Hohlfuß submissions.